New Delhi: A nationwide campaign of vaccination against coronavirus is going on in India since January 16. According to the Co-Win portal, more than 19 crore people have been administered the first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine.
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Of these, 8 crore 30 lakh are males, 7 crore 30 lakh are females. But vaccination has not started for children. Although the trials are on. Moderna has also revealed the results of Phase II and III trials of its vaccine on children.
In such a situation, questions are being raised whether children should be vaccinated now or it should not be hasty. Experts have different opinions on this question. Parents are confused. In such a situation, it has become necessary that some important questions related to vaccination should be answered. That’s what we tried here….
How is the vaccine made?
Human blood contains white blood cells which are part of its immune system. A very small amount of virus or bacteria is introduced into the body through the vaccine without harming the body. When the body’s defense system adapts to this virus or bacteria, the body learns to fight it. For decades, in all the vaccines made around the world to deal with the virus, only the original virus has been used.
Infections among India’s children
At the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, the effect of coronavirus on children was minimal. With the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic, there has been a jump in the figures of infected children.
According to the information received from the website of the National Center for Disease Control, 30 lakh 36 thousand 109 cases of 0-20 years have been reported in the country so far.
How is the coronaviirus vaccine trial on children done in India?
The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) has recently approved the vaccine for trials on children. This will include children from 2 years to 18 years. The trial will have 515 participants in the age group of 2 to 18 years.
Vaccination in children is divided into two phases. In the first phase, different doses will be given to the children. After 28 days the second dose will be given. After vaccination, the health of the children will be continuously monitored.
This is very similar to the trial being done on adults, but in this the second part of vaccination becomes important. Children have to be supervised and taken extra care. Every child has its own immune system, so it is very important to take care of how a drug is reacting on children.