Vijay Diwas 2022: Significance, History and key facts of day when Pakistan army capitulated and India liberated Bangladesh

Vijay Diwas 2022 Significance, History and key facts of day when Pakistan army capitulated and India liberated Bangladesh

New Delhi [India]: In India, Vijay Diwas is observed on December 16 to celebrate India’s decisive victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war, which led to the freedom of East Pakistan and the birth of Bangladesh.
Vijay Diwas 2022: Background and value December 16, 1971, was the day when Pakistan signed the tool of abandonment in Dhaka, adhering to a 13-day India-Pakistan War. With the abandonment of over 93,000 soldiers, Pakistan Army’s capitulation against Indian forces was full. Following this definitive victory, India announced itself as a major regional pressure.
Vijay Diwas 2022: Key realities of the day
The catalyst of the dispute was the battle of the Bangladeshi individuals for Independence, West Pakistan’s persecution of the Bangladeshi masses and also the subversion of the outcomes of the political elections in East Pakistan. The comprehensive genocide of the East Pakistani individuals committed by the tyrannical military government of Pakistan, led by General Yahya Khan, was an additional reason for the conflict.
East Pakistan made the formal ask for succession on March 26, 1971.
The extras performed by the Pakistan army in East Pakistan have actually been extremely well recorded. According to Lt Gen A K Niazi, Commander Eastern Command as well as Chief Martial Law Administrator, his precursor Lt Gen Tikka Khan’s policy was ruthless– killing of civilians and also blistered the earth. His order to the troops was: ‘I want the land and also not the people.’ Major General Farman Ali and also Brig. (later on Lieutenant General) Jahanzeb Arbab carried out these orders consistently. Farman had written in his table journal, ‘Eco-friendly land of East Pakistan will certainly be repainted red.’ Niazi goes on to state: ‘The military action was a display screen of raw viciousness, more unflinching than the massacres at Bukhara as well as Baghdad by Changez Khan as well as Halaku Khan, or at Jallianwala Bagh by the British General Dyer.’
Under President Ayub Khan, a military choice was taken that ‘the defence of the East depends on the West’ based upon the principle that if the military was split in between the two wings, neither of them would certainly have been able to resist the Indian army. Hence, a larger portion of the Pakistan army was released in West Pakistan and a much smaller sized force was kept in East Pakistan to safeguard the border.
On December 3, 1971, Pakistan introduced preventative airstrikes against 11 terminals of the Indian Flying Force. In all, thirty-two airplane out of a supply of 278 fighter airplanes took part in the initial strike that began between 5:09 pm and 5:23 pm yet was not effective.
Following this, the Indian Military was purchased to aid Bengali nationalist organisations in their defend Bangladeshi freedom in East Pakistan.
Throughout his investigation in India after the battle, General Niazi claimed that Pakistan’s approach was centred on the premise that India had ‘planned only a restricted activity’ for developing Bangladesh Federal government in East Pakistan. On the basis of this evaluation, Pakistan released her pressures thinly all along the border spread out over twenty-five hundred miles and ordered them to hold on at any cost. Consequently, Pakistani troops were determined at the perimeter. This enabled the Mukti Bahini to increase their persuade inside East Pakistan. In truth, the Indian objective was not catching a chunk of territory but by the time this was realized, it was a lot too late for Pakistan to remedy its calculated blunder.
The Mukti Bahini insurgents in East Pakistan teamed up with Indian forces to deal with Pakistani soldiers in the region. The Southern Command shielded the nation’s boundaries during the dispute from Pakistani hostility. The epic battles of Longewala and Parbat Ali are amongst the conflicts fought in the Southern Military’s operational area. Below, steadfast Indian soldiers decimated Pakistan’s armoured pressures.
India began Operation Trident on December 4, 1971. The Western Naval Command of the Indian Navy successfully launched a surprise attack on Karachi harbour during this procedure. Trident acted as the cover name for it.
A raid was performed on the Pakistani community of Chachro by members of the epic 10 Para Task force Battalion under the command of Lieutenant Colonel (later Brigadier) Bhawani Singh. These fights have made history and show the tenacity, valor, as well as determination of our men.
A meeting with the governor of East Pakistan was happening in a residence on December 14 when the IAF struck the location. This strike left Pakistan reeling. As a result of this, on December 16th, 1971, the process of surrender began.
The surrender in East
Dacca fell without a battle even though hardly twenty-four hours previously Niazi had actually certainly informed BBC that the military would certainly combat to the last guy. However, instead of any heroics, Niazi gave up to the Indian army on 16 December and also tamely signed the tool of abandonment in an official public ceremony.
East Pakistan divided from Pakistan on December 16, 1971, as well as Bangladesh was birthed as a new nation.
Individuals of Pakistan heard the news of the abandonment on 16 December via the Indian head of state’s program over All India Radio. The announcement of surrender was soft-pedaled by Radio Pakistan in its 5 p.m. news in these memorable words: ‘Adhering to a setup in between the commanders of India and also Pakistan, fighting has stopped in the Eastern theatre and the Indian troops have gone into Dacca.’
Pakistan and the production of Bangladesh was a disastrous occasion for West Pakistan, the aftershocks of which remain to this day. In addition to the physical fall of Dacca, Pakistan was also defeated psychologically. The two-nation concept, that Muslims of the subcontinent developed a nation, was knocked down. Pakistan is still looking for a rationale for the dismembermentFor India, this battle is considered as a historic occurrence. Because of this, December 16 is honored across the country as “Vijay Diwas” to honour India’s triumph over Pakistan. According to records, 3,900 Indian soldiers are believed to have actually died and also 9,851 to have been wounded during the fight of 1971.

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