Study: Exercise Alleviate Symptoms Of Anxiety

According to a recent study, moderate and strenuous exercise alleviate symptoms of anxiety, even when the disorder is chronic.

The research has been published in the ‘Journal of Affective Disorders’. The study was based on 286 patients with anxiety syndrome, recruited from primary care services in Gothenburg and the northern part of Halland County. Half of the patients had lived with anxiety for at least ten years. Their average age was 39 years, and 70 per cent were women. Through drawing of lots, participants were assigned to group exercise sessions, either moderate or strenuous, for 12 weeks.

The results showed that their anxiety symptoms were significantly alleviated even when the anxiety was a chronic condition, compared with a control group who received advice on physical activity according to public health recommendations. Most individuals in the treatment groups went from a baseline level of moderate to high anxiety to a low anxiety level after the 12-week program. For those who exercised at relatively low intensity, the chance of improvement in terms of anxiety symptoms rose by a factor of 3.62.

The corresponding factor for those who exercised at higher intensity was 4.88. Participants had no knowledge of the physical training or counselling people outside their own group was receiving.”There was a significant intensity trend for improvement — that is, the more intensely they exercised, the more their anxiety symptoms improved,” stated Malin Henriksson, a doctoral student at Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, a specialist in general medicine in the Halland Region, and the study’s first author.

Previous studies of physical exercise in depression have shown clear symptom improvements. However, a clear picture of how people with anxiety are affected by exercise had been lacking up to now. The present study is described as one of the largest to date. Both treatment groups had 60-minute training sessions three times a week, under a physical therapist’s guidance.

The sessions included both cardio (aerobic) and strength training. A warmup was followed by circle training around 12 stations for 45 minutes, and sessions ended with a cool down and stretching.

Members of the group that exercised at a moderate level were intended to reach some 60 per cent of their maximum heart rate — a degree of exertion rated as light or moderate. In the group that trained more intensively, the aim was to attain 75 per cent of maximum heart rate, and this degree of exertion was perceived as high. The levels were regularly validated using the Borg scale, an established rating scale for perceived physical exertion, and confirmed with heart rate monitors.

Today’s standard treatments for anxiety are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and psychotropic drugs. However, these drugs commonly have side effects, and patients with anxiety disorders frequently do not respond to medical treatment.

Long waiting times for CBT can also worsen the prognosis. The present study was led by Maria Aberg, associate professor at the University of Gothenburg’s Sahlgrenska Academy, a specialist in general medicine in Region Vastra Gotaland’s primary healthcare organization, and corresponding author.

“Doctors in primary care need treatments that are individualized, have few side effects and are easy to prescribe. The model involving 12 weeks of physical training, regardless of intensity, represents an effective treatment that should be made available in primary health care more often for people with anxiety issues,” Aberg said.

Ashes: Australia to monitor Hazlewood’s fitness, says Cummins

Brisbane [Australia]: Australia skipper Pat Cummins on Saturday said that the team management will continue to monitor Josh Hazlewood’s fitness and a hasty decision would not be made.
Hazlewood had not bowled in the afternoon session on Day 3 and he was sent for a scan on Friday night that showed he was fit enough to bowl on Saturday. “He’s a little bit sore. It was good he was able to come out today and bowl, and he got through a really good spell. But he’s a little bit sore so we’re just managing him through – it’s a five-Test match summer and he’s a key for us, so we don’t want to blow him out on day two or three,” quoted Cummins as saying.
“It’s nothing too serious but didn’t want it to turn into a huge injury. We don’t want to put him in jeopardy for the whole series so we’ll take our time. There’s no plan yet – he will sleep on it and we’ll see how he pulls up tomorrow. It was nothing scary enough to not bowl today, but still, just a little bit to make us want to manage him, which we kind of expected. We’ll keep managing it,” he added.
Nathan Lyon, skipper Pat Cummins, David Warner, and Travis Head were the standout performers as Australia defeated England by nine wickets in the first Ashes Test here at the Gabba, Brisbane on Saturday.
Chasing 20, Alex Carey (9) and Marcus Harris (9*) made light work of the chase and the hosts registered victory in just 5.1 overs.
Nathan Lyon and Cummins got among the wickets as Australia inched closer to victory against England on Day 4. England was bowled out for 297, setting a target of just 20 runs for Australia to win the Gabba Test.

Alaya F Gives Update About Her Health & Fitness: ‘Got Very Unfit’

Actor Alaya F feels she has got “very unfit” over the last few months.

On Wednesday, Alaya took to her Instagram account and gave a brief update about her health and fitness. “Got very unfit over the last few months, I was so caught up in my work commitments that I stopped taking care of my body and lost a lot of my strength.. things that used to be so easy to do now feel so hard.. which can be so demotivating. But I’m slowly and steadily taking back control and inching towards a healthier, fitter, stronger me again,” she wrote.

Alongside the note, Alaya posted a video of her doing work out.

Reacting to the clip, her ‘Freddy’ co-star Kartik Aaryan quipped, “Ye unfit hai?”

Alaya, who made her Bollywood debut with Saif Ali Khan’s ‘Jawaani Jaaneman’ in 2019, will next be seen in ‘Freddy’ and ‘U Turn’.

Wriddhiman Saha is fit and has recovered from neck niggle, confirms Captain Kohli

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India]: India skipper Virat Kohli on Thursday informed that wicket-keeper batter Wriddhiman Saha has recovered from his neck niggle.
During the fifth day of the first Test against New Zealand, in Saha’s absence, Srikar Bharat donned the wicket-keeping gloves. “Wriddhiman Saha is now fit and he has recovered from his neck niggle. We will discuss the combination in a bit based on weather and pitch conditions,” said Kohli on the eve of the second Test.
Kohli also explained why he started to practice at the Cricket Club of India (CCI) in Mumbai for the Test series against New Zealand even when he had taken some time off from the game after spending six months in bio-bubbles.
The second Test between India and New Zealand will begin on Friday at the Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai with the series being locked at 0-0.
“It was just to stay in the rhythm of playing red-ball cricket. The idea was to get repetition and volume which is important in Test cricket, so it is just about getting into the mould of switching between formats. This is something I have always tried to do. Whenever I get the opportunity to work on setting up for different formats, it is more so mentally than anything related to technique,” said Kohli while replying to an ANI query during a virtual press conference.
“The more cricket you play, the more you understand your game better. It is about getting into the mindset, that headspace where you want to play a certain way in a certain format,” he added.
The game will see the return of India skipper Virat Kohli, however, his comeback has left some selection dilemma for the hosts.

Meta acquires VR fitness app Supernatural

Washington [US]: A day after Facebook’s rebranding as Meta, the company announced that it is acquiring Within, the company behind VR workout service Supernatural.
As per The Verge, Meta recently revealed that the studio behind Supernatural will be joining the company, adding to the roster of studios owned by what used to be known as Facebook’s Oculus division. The company said that Within will continue to work on the popular fitness app and will also help Meta’s Reality Labs “enhance future hardware to support VR fitness apps.”
Meta scooping up Within isn’t necessarily a surprise move. It has spent the last few years acquiring tons of popular VR studios, like Lone Echo devs Ready at Dawn, the team behind Beat Saber, and others working on projects that some have called the VR versions of Fortnite and Roblox.
Supernatural has been one of the real success stories in virtual reality fitness, with movement-based high-impact cardio exercises.

Amazon announces new fitness wearable, health services

Washington [US]: Amazon recently announced a new fitness band and a range of health services to go along with it.
As per The Verge, the new USD 79.99 Halo View includes a colour AMOLED display (similar to Fitbit’s Charge 5) and a year of Amazon’s Halo membership, which is required to access the tracker’s more advanced analytics. Amazon is also launching a Halo Fitness service, which provides workout videos similar to Apple Fitness Plus, and Halo Nutrition, which helps you with your meal plan.
Amazon is pitching the Halo View as a follow-up to its previous Halo Band fitness tracker, which didn’t include a screen. While the Halo View can gather a ton of biometric data, including heart rate, blood oxygen level, and skin temperature, it won’t be gathering your voice data.
Amazon has dropped the microphone that the original Halo used to monitor and analyse your emotions (though that feature will still be available in the Halo app). The Halo View can also do sleep tracking and alert you to text messages with a haptic motor.
The Halo View will come in three colours: black, green, and purple. People will also be able to buy additional bands (Amazon promises 15 colours of the sport bands), including ones made out of fabric, leather, and metal.
Amazon said it has seven days of battery life and can be charged in 90 minutes, which is good, especially if you’ll be using it to track your sleep. Amazon said it’ll be shipping in time for the holidays.
The Halo Membership, which costs USD 3.99 a month after the first year that you get free with the View, will let you access advanced features like Amazon’s body composition scanning, activity points system, sleep analysis, Alexa integration (where Alexa devices can give you information that Halo collects), and more.
It also gives you access to the new services Amazon announced recently. Halo Fitness will include “hundreds” of cardio, strength, yoga, outdoor, and mobility classes, led by Halo coaches.
Similar to Apple Fitness Plus, you’ll also be able to see metrics like heart rate from your Halo band overlaid on the video, though that functionality won’t be available when the service launches “later this year.”
Amazon’s Halo Nutrition includes a collection of recipes from companies like Weight Watchers, Lifesum, and the Amazon-owned Whole Foods and includes Alexa integration — if you’re planning on making a recipe, you can add the ingredients to your Alexa shopping list.
Amazon said Halo Nutrition will be available in January 2022. Both Nutrition and Fitness will be available to customers who have the original Halo Band as well, as they’ll live in the Halo App.

Arjun Kapoor Speaks About Venturing Into Fitness Space

Bollywood actor Arjun Kapoor, who battled obesity since childhood and has gone through a remarkable physical transformation, recently said that he will soon be venturing into the food and fitness space.

The ‘2 States’ actor took to his Instagram handle and shared a short video montage in which he could be seen sweating it out at the gym. In the caption of the post, Arjun wrote, “It’s a marathon, not a sprint. #WorkInProgress.”

Talking about how fitness has changed his perspective, Arjun revealed, “People have been kind enough to notice my transformation. My fitness journey has not only changed the way I look at food, nutrition and fitness but it has also changed the way people look at me. The opportunities and offers coming to me have also changed.”

He further spoke regarding wanting to venture into the food and fitness space and said, “I have definitely initiated multiple conversations to explore myself in the food and nutrition space and I’m excited for some of the things that will materialise soon. I will be in a position to share more concrete details in the days to come. I want to be a part of ventures that are aiming to revolutionise the fitness space!”

In August, Arjun had opened about his battle with obesity in an interview with a leading daily, wherein he said how his “underlying health condition has always made it a struggle for him to constantly stay a certain size”.

Later the 36-year-old actor had disclosed that he joined forces with world kickboxing champion Drew Neal to push himself to get the correct body type, and seems like his commitment to fitness is reaping benefits for him.

Meanwhile, on the film front, Arjun’s latest release was ‘Bhoot Police’ which also starred actors Saif Ali Khan, Jacqueline Fernandez and Yami Gautam in lead roles. Produced by Ramesh Taurani and Akshai Puri, the movie was released on Disney+ Hotstar on September 10.

Apart from ‘Bhoot Police’, Arjun also has ‘Ek Villian Returns’ and ‘Kuttey’ in the pipeline.

Arjun Kapoor might start fitness related chat sessions on social media

Actor Arjun Kapoor works hard for his fitness. Be it sweating it out at a gym for hours or playing soccer, he has been doing a lot to take proper care of his physique. And now he is all set to start fitness-related chat sessions on social media.

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], September 13 : “It is really encouraging to see people appreciative of the hard work that I’m putting in. It feels great to constantly try to become better. I have to give a lot of credit to my trainer Drew Neal and Akshat Arora, who has taken care of my nutritional needs with his inventive dishes, for keeping me on track. I’m really lucky that I have them to keep me focussed on my fitness goals every single day,” he said. Arjun added, “A lot of people have been asking me to share how I have transformed myself and so, I’m thinking of starting chat sessions on social media with my trainer, my food curator, among others to discuss how a transformation can be achieved without pushing your body close to the edge, without doing it in a harmful way that can have adverse effects on one’s body and health. One should have long term planning to stay fit and healthy and not look at short term results.”
On Monday, Arjun even took to Instagram and shared a video of him working out at a gym.

“Chokra Jawaan ho raha hai, phir se..Day by day. Step by step. #WorkInProgress,” he captioned the post.
Meanwhile, on the film front, Arjun will be next seen in ‘Ek Villain Returns’, co-starring Disha Patani and John Abraham.

Arjun Kapoor Opens Up About Regaining Fitness Post Covid-19

It has been a year since actor Arjun Kapoor had tested positive for COVID-19 and the actor marked this “one year anniversary” by opening up about his mental and physical struggle of regaining his fitness levels.

The actor took to his Instagram handle on Monday and posted a detailed write-up of his tough journey after contracting the deadly virus. Along with the details, he also posted a picture in which he is seen working out.

“One year anniversary! Aap soch rahe hoge kis cheez ka? Koi khushiyon wali anniversary nahin hai yeh, it’s one year since I tested positive for covid-19… and it pushed my fitness level back by months. I had just started getting into a routine with Drew on zoom sessions in lockdown and boom, I got covid. For someone like me – the struggle is continuous, every day counts, every training session counts. I remember being demoralised, distraught. I was just on the path to making a turnaround – emotionally, mentally, I was there to make it happen,” he penned the caption.

Sharing his recovery process, Arjun added, “I took some days to get over the fact that after taking all the precautions, it happened to me. But I told myself, I will work doubly hard to not let this throw me off the rails. Clean Eating & resting my mind & body was at its peak during my recovery. I thank Akshay Arora for his brilliance in making super healthy & yet enjoyable food that made me bounce back.”

When the ‘2 States’ actor finally tested negative, he regained his lost morale.

“I restarted virtual training sessions with my trainer Drew Neal immediately after I tested negative & that boosted my morale. The slow and steady road to recovery continued for a few months. It took a lot out of me and it took me a couple of months to feel that I’m on the right path to getting fitter again. Even As I began shooting for Bhoot Police I was still finding my feet again with the rhythm of work & my fitness routine. A year later I’m still a work in progress… But I’m proud of the journey, I’m happy where I’m today & Raring to move forward with my newfound vigour over the last 12 months,” he concluded.

Fans and followers flooded the post with heart and fire emoticons.

Meanwhile, on the work front, Arjun is currently gearing up for the release of his film ‘Bhoot Police’ which also stars Saif Ali Khan, Jacqueline Fernandez and Yami Gautam.

The forthcoming horror-comedy is directed by Pavan Kirpalani. It will trace the story of a group of ghost hunters and their hilarious adventures. It is produced by Ramesh Taurani and Akshai Puri. The movie is set to release on Disney+ Hotstar on September 17.

Apart from ‘Bhoot Police’, Arjun also has ‘Ek Villian Returns’ and ‘Kuttey’ in the pipeline.

Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity Is Most Efficient At Improving Fitness: Study

In the largest study performed to date to understand the relationship between habitual physical activity and physical fitness, researchers have found that higher amount of time spent performing exercise (moderate-vigorous physical activity) and low-moderate level activity (steps) and less time spent sedentary, translated to greater physical fitness.

The findings of the study were published in the ‘European Heart Journal’. “By establishing the relationship between different forms of habitual physical activity and detailed fitness measures, we hope that our study will provide important information that can ultimately be used to improve physical fitness and overall health across the life course,” explained corresponding author Matthew Nayor, MD, MPH, assistant professor of medicine at BUSM.

He and his team studied approximately 2,000 participants from the community-based Framingham Heart Study who underwent comprehensive cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) for the “gold standard” measurement of physical fitness.

Physical fitness measurements were associated with physical activity data obtained through accelerometers (a device that measures frequency and intensity of human movement) that were worn for one week around the time of CPET and approximately eight years earlier.

They found dedicated exercise (moderate-vigorous physical activity) was the most efficient at improving fitness. Specifically, exercise was three times more efficient than walking alone and more than 14 times more efficient than reducing the time spent sedentary.

Additionally, they found that the greater time spent exercising and higher steps/day could partially offset the negative effects of being sedentary in terms of physical fitness.

According to the researchers, while the study was focused on the relationship of physical activity and fitness specifically (rather than any health-related outcomes), fitness has a powerful influence on health and is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and premature death.

“Therefore, improved understanding of methods to improve fitness would be expected to have broad implications for improved health,” said Nayor, a cardiologist at Boston Medical Center.

Anurag Thakur, Dharmendra Pradhan launch first-ever nationwide quiz on sports, fitness

New Delhi [India], September 1 : Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, Anurag Thakur and Union Minister of HRD, Dharmendra Pradhan on Wednesday launched the Fit India Quiz, which is the first-ever quiz on fitness and sports.
Minister of State of Youth Affairs and Sports, Nisith Pramanik also graced the launch event. Tokyo Olympics medalists Neeraj Chopra and PV Sindhu virtually joined the event. A few school students also took part in an impromptu quiz to launch the said initiative. The nationwide quiz is aimed at creating awareness about fitness and sports among school-going children, while giving them a chance to compete on a national platform and an opportunity to win a total cash prize of more than Rs 3 crore for their schools.
This Fit India Quiz is part of the central government’s ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ initiative to celebrate 75 years of India’s Independence and is designed to not just bring students from all states onto one platform, but also to involve them in a competition of mental skill and physical fitness.
Speaking about the Fit India Quiz, Thakur said, “Mental fitness is equally important to physical fitness. The Fit India Quiz will inculcate mental alertness at a very early age and the quiz is a perfect way to simultaneously enhance sports knowledge. India has a vast sporting history, along with our success at the Olympics; we’ll add momentum to the goal of building a sports culture in the country with the school students as its champions.”
“A sense of competitiveness also builds team character and team spirit. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has emphasised holistic education and the importance of sports in our lives. His interaction with children has also built a stress-free environment for students to learn and grow; the Fit India Quiz is aimed in this direction,” he added.
Speaking on the occasion Dharmendra Pradhan said that there is a strong interconnection between fitness and education. New Education Policy (NEP)-2020 gives special attention to sports-integrated learning for students to adopt fitness as a lifelong attitude as envisaged in the Fit India Movement. Pradhan stated that the COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt normal routines and the relevance of the Fit India Movement has increased manifold.
He said that Fit India Quiz will provide a national platform to students to showcase their knowledge about fitness & sports, create awareness about India’s rich sporting history, including indigenous sports, our sports heroes, and how traditional Indian lifestyle activities hold the key to a Fit Life for all.
To participate in the quiz, the schools have will have to register on the link provided on the Fit India website between 1st September to 30th September 2021 and nominate their students who will take part in the preliminary round of the Quiz at the end of October.
The winners of the Preliminary Round will then take part in the State Round in the month of December and the winners of the state round will then go on to participate at the National level in January – February 2022. The final round of the Quiz will be aired on Star Sports.

Yasmin Karachiwala’s ‘YK300’ Challenge Is Here: Check Video

Fitness and Pilates trainer Yasmin Karachiwala is here to remind you to hit the grind with an intense workout challenge that will help you burn, sweat and shred at the gym.

Yasmin took to Instagram to share a seven-day fitness routine with her followers that involves several variations of the Squat. She posted the video with the caption, “Burn! Shred and Sweat cause, YK300Challenge is here. The most exciting and intense challenge. 7 days, 7 different exercises, 7 different body parts. YK300Challenge.”

The workout routine includes seven variations of Squats that targets seven different parts of the body while helping you to ‘burn and shred’.

Watch the video:

According to Yasmin’s post, the seven-day fitness routine involves five variations with twenty repetitions of each exercise. The exercises need to be performed with three up-cycles, and on the seventh day, one can crank it up by doing 1,000 repetitions. Yes, you read that right.

For day 1, Yasmin suggested to work the legs by doing 300 Squats. Next, she listed five more exercises for the intense seven-day workout, which includes, “Cross Arm Front Squat (20 Reps), Frog Squat Dumbbell Swing (20 Reps), Dumbbell Moving Squat (20 Reps), Dumbbell Sumo Squat to Lateral Lunge (20 Reps), and Crisscross Squat Jumps (20 Reps).

Yasmin also listed all the dos and don’ts of the fitness challenge to get the maximum benefit of the routine. She asked her followers to have “8 glasses of water, Handful of nuts, 2 Servings of fruits, 2 Servings of vegetables, Exercise Daily, and Sleep 7-8 Hours.” She added that one should avoid “soda, alcohol, dairy, red meat, pasta, and sugar” while doing the challenge.

Moderate-vigorous physical activity is most efficient at improving fitness

Washington [US]: In the largest study performed to date to understand the relationship between habitual physical activity and physical fitness, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found that a higher amount of time spent performing exercise (moderate-vigorous physical activity) and low-moderate level activity (steps) and less time spent sedentary, translated to greater physical fitness.

These findings appear online in the European Heart Journal.
“By establishing the relationship between different forms of habitual physical activity and detailed fitness measures, we hope that our study will provide important information that can ultimately be used to improve physical fitness and overall health across the life course,” explained corresponding author Matthew Nayor, MD, MPH, assistant professor of medicine at BUSM.

He and his team studied approximately 2,000 participants from the community-based Framingham Heart Study who underwent comprehensive cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) for the “gold standard” measurement of physical fitness.

Physical fitness measurements were associated with physical activity data obtained through accelerometers (a device that measures frequency and intensity of human movement) that were worn for one week around the time of CPET and approximately eight years earlier.

They found dedicated exercise (moderate-vigorous physical activity) was the most efficient at improving fitness. Specifically, exercise was three times more efficient than walking alone and more than 14 times more efficient than reducing the time spent sedentary.

Additionally, they found that the greater time spent exercising and higher steps/day could partially offset the negative effects of being sedentary in terms of physical fitness.

According to the researchers, while the study was focused on the relationship of physical activity and fitness specifically (rather than any health-related outcomes), fitness has a powerful influence on health and is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and premature death. “Therefore, improved understanding of methods to improve fitness would be expected to have broad implications for improved health,” said Nayor, a cardiologist at Boston Medical Center. (ANI)

Study: Fructose Consumption Increases Rate Of Obesity

According to a recent study, eating fructose appears to alter cells in the digestive tract in a way that enables it to take in more nutrients.

These changes could help to explain the well-known link between rising fructose consumption around the world and increased rates of obesity and certain cancers. The findings of the research were published in the journal ‘Nature’.

The preclinical study, conducted by investigators at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian, focused on the effect of a high-fructose diet on villi, the thin, hairlike structures that line the inside of the small intestine.

Villi expand the surface area of the gut and help the body to absorb nutrients, including dietary fats, from food as it passes through the digestive tract.

The study found that mice that were fed diets that included fructose had villi that were 25 per cent to 40 per cent longer than those of mice that were not fed fructose.

Additionally, the increase in villus length was associated with increased nutrient absorption, weight gain and fat accumulation in the animals.

“Fructose is structurally different from other sugars like glucose, and it gets metabolised differently,” said senior author Dr Marcus DaSilva Goncalves, the Ralph L. Nachman Research Scholar, an assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism and an endocrinologist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center.

“Our research has found that fructose’s primary metabolite promotes the elongation of villi and supports intestinal tumour growth,” added Dr Goncalves.

The investigators didn’t plan to study villi. Previous research from the team, published in 2019, found that dietary fructose could increase tumour size in mouse models of colorectal cancer and that blocking fructose metabolism could prevent that from happening.

Reasoning that fructose might also promote hyperplasia, or accelerated growth, of the small intestine, the researchers examined tissues from mice treated with fructose or a control diet under the microscope.

The observation that the mice on the high-fructose diet had increased villi length, which was made by first author Samuel Taylor, a Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program student in Dr Goncalves’ lab, was a complete surprise. And once he made the discovery, he and Dr Goncalves set out to learn more.
After observing that the villi were longer, the team wanted to determine whether those villi were functioning differently.

So they put mice into three groups: a normal low-fat diet, a high-fat diet, and a high-fat diet with added fructose.

Not only did the mice in the third group develop longer villi, but they became more obese than the mice receiving the high-fat diet without fructose.

The researchers took a closer look at the changes in metabolism and found that a specific metabolite of fructose, called fructose-1-phosphate, was accumulating at high levels.

This metabolite interacted with a glucose-metabolising enzyme called pyruvate kinase, to alter cell metabolism and promote villus survival and elongation.

When pyruvate kinase or the enzyme that makes fructose-1-phospate were removed, fructose had no effect on villus length.

Previous animal studies have suggested that this metabolite of fructose also aids in tumour growth.
According to Taylor, the observations in mice make sense from an evolutionary perspective.
“In mammals, especially hibernating mammals in temperate climates, you have fructose being very available in the fall months when the fruit is ripe,” he said.

“Eating a lot of fructose may help these animals to absorb and convert more nutrients to fat, which they need to get through the winter,” he added.

Dr Goncalves added that humans did not evolve to eat what they eat now. “Fructose is nearly ubiquitous in modern diets, whether it comes from high-fructose corn syrup, table sugar, or from natural foods like fruit,” he said.

“Fructose itself is not harmful. It’s a problem of overconsumption. Our bodies were not designed to eat as much of it as we do,” he explained.

Future research will aim to confirm that the findings in mice translate to humans.
“There are already drugs in clinical trials for other purposes that target the enzyme responsible for producing fructose-1-phosphate,” said Dr Goncalves, who is also a member of the Sandra and Edward Meyer Cancer Center.

“We’re hoping to find a way to repurpose them to shrink the villi, reduce fat absorption, and possibly slow tumour growth,” concluded Dr Goncalves.

Dr Marcus DaSilva Goncalves is a paid consultant and shareholder of Faeth Therapeutics which is developing therapies for cancer.

Dr Goncalves has received speaking and/or consulting fees from Pfizer, Novartis, Petra Pharmaceuticals and TruMacro Nutrition. The laboratory of Dr Goncalves has received financial support from Pfizer.

Tiger Shroff Shares Video Of His Intense Workout Routine

Actor Tiger Shroff who is admired for his fitness regime and muscular physique, on Saturday, treated fans to glimpses from his intense workout routine.

Tiger took to his Instagram handle and shared a Reel in which he could be seen doing pull-ups, weight training and boxing. Tiger paired his vigorous workout video with the song ‘Earned It’ by The Weeknd, from ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’.
“Rise and grind,” he captioned the post. Fans flooded Tiger’s post with heart and fire emoticons.

Meanwhile, on the work front, the actor will next be seen in ‘Heropanti 2’ with Tara Sutaria in the lead role. The movie is being directed by Ahmed Khan, who also directed Tiger’s last release, ‘Baaghi 3’. The film’s music will be composed by A R Rahman, with the lyrics penned by Mehboob.

He will also be seen in ‘Ganapath’ co-starring Kriti Sanon, which is slated to release on December 23, 2022.

Study Finds Link Between Heart Disease And Eating Saturated Fat

The findings of a new study performed on more than 100,000 individuals suggest that a potential link exists between eating saturated fat from meat and developing heart disease.

The preliminary research was recently presented at ESC Congress 2021. Study author Dr Rebecca Kelly of the Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, UK said, “The association seen between saturated fat and cardiovascular disease risk in observational studies has previously been unclear; our findings are important because they provide a possible explanation — that the relationship may vary depending on the food source.”

She added, “We found that saturated fat from meat may be associated with a higher risk than other food sources – in part because those consuming large amounts of meat also had a higher body mass index (BMI) than low consumers.”

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Eating higher amounts of saturated fat is linked to elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad” cholesterol, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

There is some evidence that different types of foods rich in saturated fat, particularly meat and dairy, may have different associations with cardiovascular disease. Therefore, this study examined how saturated fat from various foods relates to ischaemic heart disease, stroke, and total cardiovascular disease (heart disease and stroke combined).

The study included 114,285 UK Biobank participants who were free of cardiovascular disease at the start of the study. Participants completed dietary assessments asking what they ate the day before to estimate their usual intake of total saturated fat and saturated fat from different foods (e.g. dairy and meat). They also completed a detailed lifestyle questionnaire and had blood samples and body measurements taken.

The researchers tracked participants for around 8.5 years using information from linked hospital and death records to find out whether they developed cardiovascular disease. During the follow-up period, total cardiovascular disease, heart disease, and stroke occurred in 4,365, 3,394, and 1,041 participants, respectively.

The data were analysed to assess if there were any links between intake of total saturated fat and saturated fat from different foods and cardiovascular disease outcomes. The analyses accounted for multiple lifestyles, socioeconomic and medical factors.

There were no clear associations between total saturated fat and cardiovascular disease outcomes. However, consuming 5 per cent higher total energy from saturated fat from meat was associated with 19 per cent and 21 per cent elevated risks of total cardiovascular disease and heart disease, respectively – but the associations did not remain significant after accounting for BMI.

Researchers also found that associations of SFA from dairy with heart disease went in the opposite direction, but this association was not clear after accounting for BMI.

Dr Kelly said, “Our results suggest that differences in BMI may be responsible, in part, for the association between cardiovascular disease and saturated fat from meat. It is not possible to determine whether this is because of a specific impact of saturated fat from meat on BMI or because those with a higher BMI consume more meat. In addition, it is difficult to fully disentangle whether part of the effect of saturated fat on cardiovascular disease may be through higher LDL cholesterol in this cohort because cholesterol-lowering medication use is high in UK adults.”

Dr Kelly concluded, “We recommend following the dietary guidelines advice to consume less than 10 per cent of daily energy from saturated fat. Our findings emphasise the importance of studying the different food sources of saturated fat when examining the risk of cardiovascular disease. Further research is needed to ensure that these observations were not influenced by dietary or non-dietary factors that were not measured in this study.”

Physical Activity Among Children Can Be Improved By ‘Exergames’

A new research has shown that physical activity among children can be improved by well-designed and delivered online interventions such as ‘exergames’ and smartphone apps.

The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘ Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy’. According to the review study carried out at the University of Birmingham, children and young people reacted positively in PE lessons to the use of exergames, which deliver physical activity lessons via games or personalised activities.

Changes included increases in physical activity levels, but also improved emotions, attitudes and motivations towards physical activity.

The study is one of the first to examine not only the impact of online interventions on physical behaviours in non-clinical groups of young people but the effects of digital mediums on physical activity knowledge, social development and improving mental health.

The evidence can be used to inform guidance for health and education organisations on how they can design online interventions to reach and engage young people in physical activity.

The authors analysed 26 studies of online interventions for physical activity.

They found three main mechanisms at work: gamification, in which participants progress through different levels of achievement; personalisation, in which participants received tailored feedback and rewards based on progress; and information, in which participants received educational material or guidance to encourage behavioural change.

Most of the interventions were focused on gamification or personalisation and the researchers found the majority of studies (70 per cent) reported an increase and/or improvement in outcomes related to physical activity for children and young people who participated in online interventions.

Primary school age pupils in particular who participated during PE lessons benefited.

Lead author Dr Victoria Goodyear, in the University of Birmingham’s School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, said, “We find convincing evidence that PE teachers can use online learning to boost attitudes and participation in physical activity among young people, particularly at primary school age.”

Dr Goodyear concluded, “There’s a real opportunity here for the PE profession to lead the way in designing meaningful and effective online exercise opportunities, as well as an opportunity to embed positive approaches to exercise and online games and apps at an early stage.”

Study Highlights Healthy Years Of Life After Heart Attack

According to the findings of a new study, adherence to lifestyle advice and medications could add seven healthy years of life after a heart attack.

“Most heart attack patients remain at high risk of a second attack one year later,” said study author Dr. Tinka Van Trier of Amsterdam University Medical Centre, the Netherlands. “Our study suggests that improving both lifestyles and medication use could lower this risk, with a gain in many years of life without a cardiovascular event,” The study was presented at ESC Congress 2021.

The INTERHEART study previously demonstrated that 80-90 per cent of the risk of a heart attack can be modified by managing factors such as smoking, unhealthy diet, abdominal obesity, inadequate physical activity, hypertension, diabetes and raised blood lipid levels.2 Such management consists of two main strategies: lifestyle change and medication.

However, the RESPONSE studies showed that adequate levels of these risk factors are seldom reached after a heart attack, even in programs aiming to help patients improve their lifestyles and optimise their medication.

Therefore, “residual risk”, i.e. the risk for another heart attack that is left after conventional treatment, is high to very high in a large number of patients. Dr. Van Trier said: “This study was conducted to quantify this residual risk and estimate the extent to which it could be lowered with optimal management.”

The study pooled data from 3,230 patients that had a heart attack or received a stent or bypass surgery. The average age was 61 years and 24 per cent were women. At an average of one year after the cardiac event, nearly one in three (30 per cent) continued smoking, 79 per cent were overweight, and 45 per cent reported insufficient physical activity.

Just 2 per cent reached treatment targets for blood pressure, LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, and glucose levels – with 40 per cent having high blood pressure and 65 per cent having high LDL cholesterol. However, use of preventive medications was common: 87 per cent used antithrombotic medications, 85 per cent took lipid-lowering drugs and 86 per cent were on blood pressure-lowering drugs.

Using the SMART-REACH model, the researchers calculated the lifetime risk of a heart attack, stroke, or death from cardiovascular disease and estimated changes in healthy years, i.e., cardiac event-free, when lifestyle or medication was changed or optimised.

The model incorporates the following treatment targets: 1) not smoking; 2) antithrombotic therapy with two antiplatelet drugs; 3) lipid-lowering medication (high-intensity statin, ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitor); 4) systolic blood pressure below 120 mmHg; 5) if diabetic, use of GLP1-agonist and SGLT2 inhibitor and controlled blood sugar (HbA1c less than 48 mmol/mol).

Dr. Van Trier explained: “The model does not incorporate all lifestyle advice since quantitative data are lacking to calculate gains in healthy life years. But that does not mean that recommendations to eat healthily, maintain a normal weight, and do regular physical activity are less important to reduce your risk.”

The estimated average residual lifetime risk was 54 per cent – meaning that half would have a heart attack, stroke, or die from cardiovascular disease at some point during their life. If the treatment of patients in the study was optimised to meet all targets in the model, the average risk would drop to 21 per cent (one in five patients).

Dr. Van Trier said, “The findings show that despite current efforts to reduce the likelihood of new events after a heart attack, there is considerable room for improvement. Our analysis suggests that the risk of another cardiovascular event could, on average, be halved if therapies were applied or intensified. For individual patients, this would translate into gaining an average of 7.5 event-free years.”

Stress Signal From Fat Cells Could Help Protect The Heart From Obesity’s Negative Consequences

A stress signal received by the heart from fat could help protect against cardiac damage induced by obesity, a new study led by the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers suggests.

The finding, published online in Cell Metabolism, could help explain the “obesity paradox,” a phenomenon in which obese individuals have better short- and medium-term cardiovascular disease prognoses compared with those who are lean, but with ultimately worse long-term outcomes. “The mechanism we have identified here could be one of many that protect the heart in obesity,” said study leader Philipp E. Scherer, Ph.D., Professor of Internal Medicine and Cell Biology at UTSW who has long studied fat metabolism.

Study co-leader Clair Crewe, Ph.D., Assistant Instructor of Internal Medicine at UTSW, explained that the metabolic stress of obesity gradually makes fat tissue dysfunctional, causing its mitochondria – the cellular organelles that generate energy – to shrink and die. Eventually, this unhealthy fat loses the ability to store lipids generated by excess calories in food, poisoning other organs through an effect called lipotoxicity.

Some organs, including the heart, appear to mount a preemptive defense to protect against lipotoxicity. But how the heart senses fat’s dysfunctional state has been unknown.

In their study, Dr. Crewe, Dr. Scherer, and their colleagues used a genetic technique to speed the loss of mitochondrial mass and function in mice. When these animals ate a high-fat diet and became obese, the researchers found that the rodents’ fat cells began sending out extracellular vesicles filled with small pieces of dying mitochondria.

Some of these mitochondrial snippets traveled through the bloodstream to the heart, triggering oxidative stress, a state in which cells generate harmful free radicals.

To counteract this stress, heart cells produce a flood of protective antioxidant molecules. This protective backlash was so strong that when the scientists injected mice with extracellular vesicles filled with mitochondrial snippets and later induced a heart attack, the animals had significantly less damage to their hearts compared with mice that didn’t receive an injection.

Further research using fat tissue sampled from obese patients showed that these cells also release mitochondria-filled extracellular vesicles, Dr. Crewe said, suggesting that the effects observed in mice also take place in humans.

Eventually, she explained, the heart and other organs in obese individuals become overwhelmed by lipotoxic effects, leading to many of obesity’s comorbidities. However, learning how to artificially generate the protective mechanism identified in this study could lead to new ways to buffer obesity’s negative consequences.

This knowledge could even suggest strategies to protect the heart against damage in lean individuals as well.

“By better understanding the distress signal from fat,” Dr. Crewe said, “we may be able to harness the mechanism to improve heart health in obese and non-obese individuals alike.”

Other researchers who contributed to this study include Jan-Bernd Funcke, Shujuan Li, Nolwenn Joffin, Christy M. Gliniak, Alexandra L. Ghaben, Yu A. An, Hesham A. Sadek, Ruth Gordillo, Yucel Akgul, Shiuhwei Chen, and Christine M. Kusminski, all of UTSW; Dmitri Samovski and Samuel Klein of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis; and Pamela Fischer-Posovszky of Ulm University Medical Center in Germany.

Dr. Sadek holds the J. Fred Schoellkopf, Jr. Chair in Cardiology. Dr. Scherer is the Gifford O. Touchstone, Jr. and Randolph G. Touchstone Distinguished Chair in Diabetes Research and the Touchstone/West Distinguished Chair in Diabetes Research.

UT Southwestern, one of the nation’s premier academic medical centers, integrates pioneering biomedical research with exceptional clinical care and education. The institution’s faculty has received six Nobel Prizes, and includes 25 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 16 members of the National Academy of Medicine, and 13 Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators.

The full-time faculty of more than 2,800 is responsible for groundbreaking medical advances and is committed to Southwestern physicians provide care in about 80 specialties to more than 117,000 hospitalized patients, more than 360,000 emergency room cases, and oversee nearly 3 million outpatient visits a year.

Foods To Avoid At Bedtime For Better Health

If you are having these foods before sleeping, you may develop several health issues from sleep problems to chronic diseases.

Many of us tend to have heavy meals at dinner time or unwind our day with tea or coffee, because that is the time when we are usually free of work worries. But when we are not mindful of what we are consuming at night, instead of having a relaxed and recuperative rest, we may have trouble falling asleep or interrupted sleep. If over a period of time, we do not fix our night time eating habits, we are at risk of developing certain chronic diseases like diabetes, blood pressure among other things, according to experts.

Late meals, particularly play havoc with our overall health, increasing chances of obesity, heart diseases and stroke.

According to Shruti Bharadwaj, Senior Clinical Dietician, Narayana Hrudalaya Multi Speciality Hospital Ahmedabad, here are the foods that one should not have at bedtime for better health:

1. Fried food

Indulging in high-calorie food that puts strain on your digestive system like potato chips, French fries, burger can interrupt with your sleep. You may face gastric troubles, constipation and other such issues. “If you are eating these calorie-laden things late at night, water retention problem may occur, especially in case of women because of the hormonal changes in their body. One sign of water retention is feeling tightness in your skin upon waking up but feeling okay after some time,” says Bharadwaj.

2. Spicy Food

If you are eating late especially all kinds of spicy foods should be avoided as your meal being closer to bed time will cause discomfort and your digestive system may find it difficult breaking down the food.

3. Sweets

Having desserts after your dinner frequently may not be a good idea as being loaded with sugar they may lead to sleep troubles. Sweets consumption during night can also impact your insulin resistance because after dinner in absence of much physical activity, over a period of time it could increase your chances of developing Diabetes, says Bharadwaj.

4. Tea & Coffee

Many people, especially students tend to have tea and coffee to stay awake at night. While it may seem to help during short term in feeling active, in long run it could lead to insomnia, anxiety, poor sleep quality etc.

5. Alcohol

Unwinding the day with alcohol could seem tempting as it causes brain activity to slow down being a central nervous system depressant and may have some sedative effect, but in long run it has been linked to poor sleep quality and duration, according to studies.

Meditation improves brain functioning, Says study


Just a few weeks of meditation can improve human brain functioning, according to a recent study led by scientists at Binghamton University and the State University of New York.

The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘Scientific Reports’.
Millions of people around the world seek mental clarity through meditation, most of the following or inspired by the centuries-old practices of Buddhism.

Anecdotally, those who meditate say it helps to calm their minds, recenter their thoughts, and cut through the “noise” to show what really matters.

Scientifically, though, showing the effects of meditation on the human brain has proved to be tricky.

The study from Binghamton University’s Thomas J. Watson College of Engineering and Applied Science tracked how practising meditation for just a couple of months changed the brain patterns of 10 students in the University’s Scholars Program.

The seed for the research came from a casual chat between Assistant Professor Weiying Dai and lecturer George Weinschenk, MA ’01, PhD ’07, both from the Department of Computer Science.

Weinschenk is a longtime meditation practitioner whose wife worked as an administrator at the Namgyal Monastery in Ithaca, which is the North American seat of the Dalai Lama’s personal


“I developed very close friendships with several of the monks. We would hang out together, and I even received instruction from some of the Dalai Lama’s teachers. I took classes there, I read a lot and I earned a three-year certificate in Buddhist studies,” he said.

Dai has studied brain mapping and biomedical image processing, and while earning her PhD at the University of Pittsburgh, she tracked Alzheimer’s disease patients using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.

“I’m interested in brain research to see how our brains are really functioning and how all different kinds of disease affect our brain,” she said.

“I really have zero medical training, but I pick up all this knowledge or background from reading the literature and talking with the experts,” she added.

The two faculty members had neighbouring offices and shared a conversation one day about their backgrounds. Weinschenk mentioned that he had been asked to teach a semester-long class for the Scholars Program on meditation. “I told Weiying, ‘Yeah, meditation really can have a transformative effect on the brain,'” Weinschenk said.

“She was a little sceptical, especially about whether such a short amount of time spent learning how to meditate, whether that would make any difference. She suggested we might be able to quantify such a thing with modern technology,” he added.

For the fall 2017 semester, Dai secured grant funding, and their collaboration began.

Near the beginning of the semester, she took the participants to Cornell University for MRI scans of their brains.

Weinschenk taught students how to meditate, told them to practice five times a week for 10 or 15 minutes, and asked them to keep a journal record of their practice. (The syllabus also included other lessons about the cultural transmissions of meditation and its applications for wellness.)

“Binghamton University Scholars are high achievers who want to do the things they are assigned and do well on them, so they didn’t require much prompting to maintain a regular meditation routine,” he said.

“To guarantee objective reporting, they would relate their experiences directly to Weiying about how frequently they practised,” he explained.

The results showed that meditation training led to faster switching between the brain’s two general states of consciousness.

One is called the default mode network, which is active when the brain is at wakeful rest and not focused on the outside world, such as during daydreaming and mind-wandering.

The other is the dorsal attention network, which engages in attention-demanding tasks. The findings of the study demonstrated that meditation can enhance the brain connection among and within these two brain networks, indicating the effect of meditation on fast switching between the mind wandering and focusing its attention as well as maintaining attention once in the attentive state.

“Tibetans have a term for that ease of switching between states — they call it mental pliancy, an ability that allows you to shape and mould your mind,” Weinschenk said.

“They also consider the goal of concentration one of the fundamental principles of self-growth,” he added.

Dai and Weinschenk are still parsing through the data taken from the 2017 MRI scans, so they have yet to test other Scholars Program students.

Because Alzheimer’s disease and autism could be caused by problems with the dorsal attention network, Dai is making plans for future research that could use meditation to mitigate those problems. “I’m thinking about an elderly study because this population was young students,” she said.

“I want to get a healthy elderly group, and then another group with early Alzheimer’s disease or mild cognitive impairment. I want to see whether the changes in the brain from meditation can enhance cognitive performance. I’m writing the proposal and trying to attract the funds in that direction,” she added.

Though once sceptical about the subject, “I’m pretty convinced about the scientific basis of meditation after doing this study. Maybe I’ll just go to George’s class when he teaches it so that I can benefit, too,” she concluded. (ANI)

Study: Physical Exercise Modulates Iron In Alzheimer’s Disease

A recent experimental study shows how regular physical exercise modulates iron metabolism in both the brain and the muscles. The findings also help to better understand the benefits of exercise in Alzheimer’s disease.

The study was published in a special issue of the International Journal of Molecular Sciences entitled Redox-Active Metals in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Therapeutic Implications. Dysregulation of brain iron metabolism and iron accumulation is known to be associated with aging and AD, although underlying mechanisms remain unclear. It is known that iron load and inflammation regulate the synthesis of hepcidin, the main iron regulatory protein.

In particular, the inflammation-modulating cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), also known to modulate brain-muscle crosstalk, is involved in the activation of hepcidin synthesis in the brain. Although regular physical exercise is known to have a beneficial effect on total body iron metabolism and anti-inflammatory action, the role of regular exercise on iron homeostasis in the brain and in the context of AD remains unclear.

The researchers utilised wildtype mice and 5xFAD transgenic mice, modelling AD to explore the effect of regular physical exercise on the modulation of iron homeostasis. Half of the mice had unlimited use of a running wheel during the six-month experiment. The levels of iron and iron-related proteins were analysed in the brain and skeletal muscle. The researchers also investigated the potential involvement of iron in the crosstalk between the brain and periphery upon regular exercise.

The current study demonstrates that regular physical exercise modulates iron storage and trafficking in both the brain and skeletal muscle. Moreover, this study is the first to report a reduction of cortical hepcidin in response to regular physical exercise. The results suggest that IL-6 is a key modulator of hepcidin in exercise-induced brain iron modulation.

These findings help to better understand why regular exercise is beneficial in AD and may provide new insight for disease prevention or effective treatment approaches.

Cutting 200 calories daily, exercising may improve heart health in obese adults

Washington [US]: According to a new study, cutting just 200 calories a day with moderate exercise reaped bigger rewards than exercise alone for older, obese adults.

Among older adults with obesity, combining aerobic exercise with a moderate reduction in daily calories resulted in greater improvements in aortic stiffness (a measure of vascular health, which impacts cardiovascular disease), compared to exercise only or to exercise plus a more restrictive diet. The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘Circulation’.

Modifiable lifestyle factors such as a healthy diet and regular physical activity may help offset age-related increases in aortic stiffness. Although aerobic exercise generally has favourable effects on aortic structure and function, previous studies have shown that exercise alone may not be sufficient to improve aortic stiffness in older adults with obesity.

“This is the first study to assess the effects of aerobic exercise training with and without reducing calories on aortic stiffness, which was measured via cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to obtain detailed images of the aorta,” said Tina E. Brinkley, PhD, lead author of the study and associate professor of gerontology and geriatric medicine at the Sticht Center for Healthy Aging and Alzheimer’s Prevention at Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

“We sought to determine whether adding caloric restriction for weight loss would lead to greater improvements in vascular health compared to aerobic exercise alone in older adults with obesity,” added Brinkley.

This randomised controlled trial included 160 sedentary adults, ages 65-79 years with obesity (BMI=30-45 kg/m2). The average age of the participants was 69 years; 74 per cent were female, and 73 per cent were white.

Participants were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups for 20 weeks: 1) exercise only with their regular diet, 2) exercise plus moderate calorie restriction (reduction of approximately 250 calories/day), or 3) exercise plus more intensive calorie restriction (reduction of approximately 600 calories/day).

The two calorie-restricted groups received pre-made lunches and dinners with less than 30 per cent of calories from fat and at least 0.8 grams of protein per kg of their ideal body weight, prepared under the direction of a registered dietitian for the study; they made their own breakfasts according to the dietitian-approved menu.

Everyone in the study received supervised aerobic exercise training four days per week for the duration of the 20-week study at the Geriatric Research Center at Wake Forest School of Medicine.

The structure and function of the aorta were assessed with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to measure aortic arch pulse wave velocity (PWV) (the speed at which blood travels through the aorta) and distensibility, or the ability of the aorta to expand and contract. Higher PWV values and lower distensibility values indicate a stiffer aorta.

The results found that weight loss of nearly 10% of total body weight or about 20 pounds over the five-month study period was associated with significant improvements in aortic stiffness — only in the participants assigned to the exercise plus moderate calorie restriction group. Additional findings include:

  1. The exercise plus moderate calorie restriction group had a 21 per cent increase in distensibility and an 8 per cent decrease in PWV.
  2. None of the aortic stiffness measures changed significantly in either the exercise-only group or the exercise plus more intensive calorie restriction group.
  3. Changes in BMI, total fat mass, per cent body fat, abdominal fat and waist circumference were greater in both of the calorie-restricted groups compared to the exercise-only group.
  4. Weight loss was similar between the calorie-restricted groups despite nearly two times fewer calories (26.7 per cent reduction in calories vs. a 14.2 per cent reduction in calories) in the intensive calorie restriction group.
    “Our findings indicate that lifestyle changes designed to increase aerobic activity and moderately decrease daily calorie intake may help to reduce aortic stiffness and improve overall vascular health,” said Brinkley.
    “However, we were surprised to find that the group that reduced their calorie intake the most did not have any improvements in aortic stiffness, even though they had similar decreases in body weight and blood pressure as the participants with moderate calorie restriction,” added Brinkley.
    Brinkley further said, “These results suggest that combining exercise with modest calorie restriction — as opposed to more intensive calorie restriction or no-calorie restriction — likely maximizes the benefits on vascular health, while also optimizing weight loss and improvements in body composition and body fat distribution.”
    “The finding that higher-intensity calorie restriction may not be necessary or advised has important implications for weight loss recommendations to improve cardiovascular disease risk in older adults with obesity,” concluded Brinkley.

Check Out Emraan Hashmi Flaunting His Washboard Abs

Emraan Hashmi took to Instagram to give his fans the perfect weekend surprise. He flaunted his washboard abs in a gym pic. “Only just the beginning!!!” his caption read. Fans reacted with fire emojis in the comments section. One fan also commented, “Tiger 3 Best Villain loading”

Check Out:

On the work front, the actor was recently seen in Mumbai Saga, which was among the few Bollywood films to get a theatrical release before the second wave of the pandemic. Talking about the future of theatres and films, in a recent interview, he had said, “It’s the experience of certain films that often draws people to spend and watch it on the big screen with sound effects. This is off-the-cuff thinking, but the big-ticket experience might draw people back to cinemas. Why else would a regular consumer spend money to buy a ticket for a film that can be watched at home?”

What do you think?

Get that perfect summer body with these 5 simple exercises

To feel healthy and look your best at any time or season of the year, you need to eat a healthy diet, cut down on alcohol intake, get plenty of sleep, drink loads of water and exercise rigorously.

Summer is the best time to go outside and sweat it out, however, the pandemic has disrupted our exercise routines and changed the way we move in general. We have also seen a fall in our daily steps especially since gyms are closed and we are forced to work from home. With vaccinations on the rise and the reopening of public spaces, this summer offers us a new opportunity to focus on getting that perfect summer body.  So,no you cannot get that chiselled body overnight, but it does not mean a good workout cannot give you any results.

Many people believe that the best way to get a flat stomach is by doing thousands of sit-ups. Well, that may be true but it is only one part of the whole process. To feel healthy and look your best at any time or season of the year, you need to eat a healthy diet, cut down on alcohol intake, get plenty of sleep, drink loads of water and exercise rigorously.

So if you ready to sweat it out and get back in shape this summer, you can try these 5 simple exercises recommended by Fitness Expert Meenakshi Mohanty:


This exercise is great for your lower body and your lower abs and also helps to improve your balance and stability. Start by standing 2-3 feet wide apart. Now take one leg forward and bend your knee lowering the body down until the thigh is parallel to the floor and the back knee points toward the floor. Ensure to keep your back straight while performing this exercise.


This is a full-body exercise that helps to burn calories, build strength and endurance and boost cardio fitness. While in a squat position, lower your hands to the floor in front of you and move into a pushup position keeping your body straight. Jump back on your feet to your starting squat position and then quickly jump into the air and reach your arms over your head. Make sure you land back in the squat position.


Excellent for beginners, this exercise can help strengthen the core and build stability and balance. Start in plank position with your face toward the floor, your elbows directly under your shoulders and your forearms are facing forward. Keep your back straight in a neutral spine position. Hold this position for 10 seconds and then release

Leg Lifts

A simple exercise that can help tone your belly, legs, and thighs. Start by lying on your back and raise your legs above your hips, bent slightly at the knees. Now tighten your core and lower your legs slowly. Make sure your feet do not touch the ground. Repeat this movement. You should feel a tightness in your core.

Mountain Climber

This is a great fat burning body weight exercise that gets your heart rate up and builds core strength and agility. Begin in plank position with your hands shoulder-width apart, back flat and abs engaged. Now pull one knee towards your chest with your other leg extended. Repeat this with the other leg as you can.

Check Out Nia Sharma Hula Hoop Workout Session

Fitness activities need not be boring. You can always infuse an element of fun into your exercise routine. Don’t believe us? Take a look at Jamai Raja actor Nia Sharma doing the hula hoop.

The underrated and super fun exercise can help one stay in shape and also make workout sessions interesting by breaking the monotony.

“Just 30-minutes of hula hooping provides the same fitness benefits to the body as other intense physical activities such as kickboxing, dance, salsa, cardio,” said fitness influencer Shreya Jain, Styleawhileofficial.

The low-impact hula hooping workout strengthens the core and heart muscles. This means it is a go-to choice for anyone looking to shed stubborn abdomen fat and tone the overall body.

“Once you learn the basics of hula hooping, you can always experiment with different variations and use the tool in a variety of ways to make interesting formations. Although a weighted hula hoop can be a great addition to your exercise program to lose weight faster, start with lighter ones until you get used to it. Whether you are six or 60, working out with hula hoops for a few minutes every day to get more fit and active,” Jain told.

What do you think of her fitness routine?

Check Out Mahabharat Actor Anoop Singh Thakur Weight Loss Journey

Actor Anoop Singh Thakur, who rose to fame playing Dhritarashtra in the TV serial Mahabharat, took to Instagram and shared a recent picture showing off his chiseled physique. But his lean physique is a result of hard work, dedication, and the vigor to reach a certain fitness goal. He further shared that his weight loss journey — of losing 15 kilos in six months — has been fulfilling.

Sharing before and after images, the 32-year-old mentioned how he decided to take his “physique to the next level”.

“Took the left side picture on purpose six months ago in my full glory of fatness with a motto that I’ll take the physique to the next level. Decided to re-create every damn picture today to give you the motivation you may need in your journey, that you understand that with consistency, daily efforts, discipline, and willpower, it is possible to achieve a naturally fit and aesthetic physique,” he said.

In the pictures taken six months apart, he is seen wearing the same pair of trousers and striking a similar pose. “Same pose, same trouser, same place but different attitude. The power of the mind,” Thakur, who won a gold medal in a bodybuilding contest in Bangkok, Thailand in 2015, captioned the post.

The actor who gained a lot of weight during the shoot of Mahabharat decided to get back in shape.

His Instagram page has been full of videos where he can be seen sweating it out in the gym.

Experts point out that one can incorporate small tweaks to avoid boredom and to jazz up your weight loss efforts.

What do you think of his fitness routine?

Bobby Deol’s Latest Workout Video On Instagram Shows His Hardwork: Check Out

Bobby Deol’s latest workout video on Instagram just proves his dedication and hard work to remain fit. The 52-year-old shared a montage in which he is seen pulling off various exercises, setting major fitness goals.

In the video, the Race 3 actor seemed to be slaying in the gym. He is seen doing lateral pull-down, followed by seated chest press. “Under construction!” Bobby captioned the post.

Take a look:

For the uninitiated, lateral pull-down is a strength training exercise, usually done on a cable pulley machine. The exercise works the latissimus dorsi muscle or the lats that cover the middle and lower back. The exercise is done by pulling the hanging bar on the machine down to the chin level and releasing it back up for one repetition. It improves upper body strength.

A seated chest press is also done on a machine. This works the chest and shoulder muscles as well as the triceps. Chest press can also be done using dumbbells.

Bobby Deol’s passion for fitness is really inspiring.

Janhvi Kapoor Shares Boomerang Of Khushi Kapoor’s Pilates Workout On Instagram

Bollywood actor Janhvi Kapoor loves working out. She leads a healthy lifestyle and often gets spotted by the paparazzi outside the Pilates studio. The star even inspires her followers by occasionally sharing her progress at the gym. However, her latest workout post showed a glimpse of her sister Khushi Kapoor’s Pilates routine with a cute partner.

Janhvi took to Instagram today to share a snippet from her workout routine with her sister Khushi Kapoor. She posted a boomerang video of herself and Khushi exercising at the Pilates studio. And it is one of the most hilarious things you will see today.

The boomerang shared by Janhvi Kapoor featured a dog sitting on top of Khushi’s torso as she sweats it out on the Reformer. The Roohi actor recorded the funny scene while standing in the background. She captioned the short clip, “Can dog Pilates be a thing?

The boomerang shows Khushi going back and forward on the Pilates equipment as the dog leisurely sits on top of her. While Janhvi wore a purple and lavender sports bra with neon green shorts for the routine, Khushi chose an orange crop top with black joggers.

Khushi and Janhvi swear by Pilates to stay fit and healthy. For the uninitiated, working out on a Pilates Reformer helps focus on the core strength and proper muscle engagement. It also improves athletic performance, back pain, injury recovery, progress with weight loss, balance, bone density and posture.

On the work front, Janhvi Kapoor recently shot for her next film Good Luck Jerry. She also has Dostana 2 and Karan Johar’s Takht in the pipeline.

What do you think of her fitness routine?

Sayani Gupta Motivating And Pushing Herself Towards Fitness Goals

While working out at home amid the pandemic, actor Sayani Gupta is motivating and pushing herself towards achieving her fitness goals.

In a long post on social media alongside a mirror selfie, the Pagglait actor shared how the ongoing pandemic made her realise the importance of being healthy. “The pandemic has been hard for everyone. And made me incredibly grateful for every little thing but also taught me that nothing is more critical than health and well being. No amount of work or money or social obligation,” she expressed.

Sayani shared she is currently focussing on self-love by doing things that are “good for me, make me happy and [keep me] completely at peace.”

Talking about her schedule, the 35-year-old wrote, “I eat right, cook for myself, workout and do yoga everyday, read, bird watch, journal, sing, nap, do all that and much more.. all for the self. And with no pressure whatsoever.”

“Sometimes I daydream about that chocolate cake slice.. tell myself…one day…soon…that will happen too,” she further wrote.

What do you think of her fitness routine?

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