Health & Lifestyle

Dangers of excessive salt intake and changing our lifestyle

According to a new study, Indians are actively trying to reduce their daily salt intake, far more than others. Indians who are aware of the dangers of excessive salt consumption, unlike others, change their diet. Other international communities are sticking to salty foods despite being aware of their effects, according to a new study.

In 181 out of 187 countries consume more than the WHO recommended daily amount.Upper limit of 5 g of salt. Indians consume 9% more salt than the global average: 10.06 g. Claire Johnson, a researcher at the George Institute for Global Health in Australia, led an India-focused study on salt intake in February this year. It comprised a cross section of 1,395 respondents across India: educated and uneducated, urban and rural, male and female, and different age groups with an average of 40 years.

90 % indian knows..how much salt they are eating Nine out of ten respondents said they were aware that a high-salt diet is harmful to health. When asked, “How important is it for you to reduce salt in your diet?” “ Many replied in the affirmative. Reduce your salt intake. For example, 98% of participants said they used spices other than salt, 61% said they avoided eating out and 52% said they avoided processed foods. This implies that increased awareness of the health risks of excessive salt intake could greatly benefit Indians as they are open to lifestyle changes. Any salt reduction move will benefit Indians, Johnson said.



 reduce salt, increase life-time

By reducing your salt intake by 1 g, you reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke by 4.8%. And the more you reduce, the more you earn.Every fourth Indian who lives in villages and every third in their cities suffers from high blood pressure. Controlling high blood pressure requires reducing salt intake as excess sodium narrows the arteries, increases blood pressure, and affects kidney function, resulting in excess fluid. and additional stress on the associated blood vessels. The average Indian consumes 10.98 g of salt per day.(indiaspend.com) Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the influence of excessive salt intake on the health of the average Indian is clear: every fourth Indian succumbed to cardiovascular disease in 2012 to reduce the nine WHO targets premature deaths from four major noncommunicable diseases. It would also reduce the risk of Indians dying of heart attacks or strokes by about 15%.

Human only need quarter teaspoon salt per day

According to a previous study by Johnson, the average Indian consumes 10.98 grams of salt per day. The WHO recommended an upper limit of 5 g per day, which is less than a teaspoon, and seven times what the body actually needs. In India, there is a widespread belief that the body sweats in hot climatesand when you lose salt it is imperative to consume more salt. Johnson refutes it. “Regardless of the weather, physiologically, humans only need a quarter teaspoon of salt – 1-2 grams, which is 500 mg of sodium per day,” said Johnson. About 10% of an Indian’s daily salt intake occurs naturally in fruits.raw vegetables, grains and other ingredients, rest is added when cooking or at the table. So reducing means adding less salt when cooking and at the table.

Changing food habit causing more damage   in the west, where overconsumption is usually caused by salt added to processed foods such as pasta sauces.Johnson noted that diet has changed a lot in the past 30 years. “Indians eat fewer legumes, fruits and vegetables and a lot more processed and fast foods. As a result, their diets now contain excess salt, sugar and harmful fats. The rate of high blood pressure, obesity and cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes are increasing. It is currently impossible to calculate how much salt you are getting from packaged foods in India. 1 out of 4 products do not meet the (so far voluntary) guidelines for labeling of nutritional information of the Indian Food Safety and Standards Authority, and 2 out of 3 products do not contain the salt on the nutritional information panel and do not meet the Alimentarius International Requirements Code, a collection of standards, guidelines, and codes of conduct to protect consumer health and promote fair grocery practices.This may change soon.

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