By John Solomou
Nicosia [Cyprus] : United States Head of state Joe Biden’s very first main visit to the Middle East today plainly shows that, in the wake of the Russian intrusion of Ukraine as well as the huge power dilemma produced for European countries, he has realized that he must reverse the United States approach of withdrawal from the Center East as well as try to rectify his relations with Middle East leaders.
From July 13-16, Biden will certainly see Israel, the busy West Financial institution and also Saudi Arabia as well as will have talks with Israeli caretaker Prime Minister Yair Lapid, Palestinian Head Of State Mahmud Abbas as well as Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman.
Head of state Bident will certainly try to convince his dialogists that the United States, although it gives emphasis to its competition with China, does not intend to disengage from the Middle East as well as will certainly not abandon its allies. After all, the US has actually been successful in restoring NATO and also might do the very same in its relationships with its Mideast allies.
In an op-ed item in the Washington Blog post published on Saturday, President Biden advised readers that his administration assisted finish the 2021 Battle in Gaza between Israel as well as Hamas, which can have lasted months, in simply 11 days. “We have collaborated with Israel, Egypt, Qatar as well as Jordan to preserve tranquility without permitting terrorists to rearm,” he composed.
Biden additionally underscored the reality that he has actually reconstructed relationships with Palestinians, restoring USD 500 million of aid to the Palestinian Authority, which had actually been blocked for several years, while likewise passing a USD 4 billion assistance for Israel, the biggest United States aid ever before offered to the Jewish state.
In Israel, the United States Head of state will have talks with caretaker Prime Minister Yair Lapid with the specified United States goal of “strengthening Israel’s assimilation in the region, that will benefit tranquility as well as good for Israel’s safety. This will absent any issues, as both leaders are similar as well as are dealing with similar challenges from democratic predecessors: Biden from Donald Trump as well as Lapid from Netanyahu.
The two concerns where Biden as well as Lapid have various views are the problem of the Iran nuclear offer – as Iran is now near to producing enriched uranium to near military-grade- the development of Israeli settlements and the reopening of the US consulate in Jerusalem.
In the West Bank where Biden will have talks with Palestinian Head of state Mahmoud Abbas, the latter is anticipated to elevate the problem of Israel’s military operations and particularly the Israeli raids in the Jenin location, in which lots of Palestinians were killed, in addition to the fatality of Al Jazeera reporter Shireen Abu Akleh.
For his part, Biden is anticipated to declare his long adherence to a two-state service as well as to a serene settlement of the Palestinian trouble that could make sure the freedom, safety and security, success and also self-respect of both Palestinians as well as Israelis.
Nahal Toosi, the international events contributor at Politico, explains: “The Biden management has actually brought back a lot of the financing for the Palestinian people. It has re-established a straight diplomatic network to deal with Palestinians. However Biden hasn’t reopened the consulate, returned the U.S. consular office to Tel Aviv, rescinded the acknowledgment of Jerusalem as the resources, or reversed the negotiations decision– although the Biden management has spoken up versus settlement growth. Biden additionally wants to improve the Abraham Accords, while offering verbal support– however little polite initiative– to the concept of a future Palestinian state together with Israel.”
While many people believe that the intention behind the United States President’s see to Saudi Arabia is to encourage the Saudis to increase considerably oil manufacturing and hence stop the skyrocketing costs – for the very first time ever oil prices in the United States have covered USD 5 a gallon- Biden refuted this, and also he was seemingly telling the truth.
Apparently, Saudi Arabia does not have enough capacity to raise oil production in quantities sufficient to counter the Russian-generated oil scarcity. Theoretically, Saudi Arabia can boost its current production ability of 10.3 million barrels daily (B/D) by approximately 600,000 B/D, but realistically this number is better to 150,000 B/D, which can not perhaps cover the deficiency created because of the oil embargo imposed by the EU on Russian oil.
In a turnaround of his previous plan as well as his pre-election declarations that he will make Saudi Arabia “a pariah state” following the murder of Washington Blog post reporter Jamal Khashoggi, Biden has actually lately contained appreciation for Riyadh for prolonging a cease-fire in the battle in Yemen.
Biden will certainly attempt to change his icy relations with the Saudis, that with wonder and also rage had actually viewed the United States get rid of the air defence batteries from their nation, rescind the official designation of the Houthis (the Saudi opponents in Yemen) as terrorists and also reboot nuclear talks with the Iranian program, Saudi’s adversary in the area.
At the invitation of King Salman, Joe Biden will go to Saudi Arabia on the first-ever direct flight between Israel as well as the Kingdom. With the Saudi King, Crown Prince Mohammed container Salman as well as various other officials, Biden will certainly review reciprocal and regional concerns, and also the war in Yemen and also will certainly try to press the Saudis to normalize connections with Israel.
The US Head of state will likewise take part in a summit conference with the GCC +3 (Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman and Qatar) plus Egypt, Jordan and Iraq and also will certainly discuss with them ways of increasing protection cooperation to counter the Iranian participation in the region along with power security, the climate, infrastructure as well as civils rights.
Although it is unlikely that Biden will achieve some of these hard goals, he must be satisfied if he persuades his interlocutors that the United States stays dedicated in the area and that it has absolutely no purpose of leaving the Middle East as well as wants to place the US relationship with these Center East nations on a sound footing.